“Sherman’s strategy is the art of war employed by the unsuccessful,” Signal declared. His siblings all enjoyed professional success. My guess is you're referring principally to Sherman's "March to the Sea" near the end of 1864, i.e., the last full year of the U.S. Civil War, in which this general led a vast Union army from Atlanta through northern Georgia and parts of South Carolina to Savannah on the Atlantic coast, effectively splitting the territory of the Confederacy. This appears to have been a consequence of the animosity among both Union soldiers and officers to the state that they regarded as the "cockpit of secession". The influential 20th century British military historian and theorist Basil Liddell Hart ranked Sherman as one of the most important strategists in the annals of war, along with Scipio Africanus, Belisarius, Napoleon Bonaparte, T. E. Lawrence, and Erwin Rommel. Sherman himself stated that "[i]f I had made up my mind to burn Columbia I would have burnt it with no more feeling than I would a common prairie dog village; but I did not do it . What was General Sherman’s “hard war,” what was his “bold strategy” after taking Atlanta, and how did he justify his unconventional plan to Grant and Lincoln? (20%) Write the Paper in a scholarly manner The essence of the Union’s hard war strategy is demonstrated in General William Tecumseh Sherman’s March to the Sea, a path of destruction across the State of Georgia principally from Atlanta to Savannah. Step-by-step answer Sherman's advance through Georgia and South Carolina was characterized by widespread destruction of civilian supplies and infrastructure. Therefore, he believed that the North had to conduct its campaign as a war of conquest and employ scorched earthtactics to break the backbone of the rebellion, which he called "hard war". The influential 20th-century British military historian and theorist B. H. Liddell Hart ranked Sherman as one of the most important strategists in the annals of war, along with Scipio Africanus, Belisarius, Napoleon Bonaparte, T. E. Lawrence, and Erwin Rommel. Liddell Hart, foreword to the Indiana University Press's edition of Sherman's. Liddell Hart, "Notes on Two Discussions with Patton, 1944," Feb. 20, 1948, GSP Papers, box 6, USMA Library. Hirshson, p. 393, quoting B.H. arguing that the Meridian campaign holds a greater significance in the development of Sherman's 'hard war' strategy than has been previously admitted. To them, Sherman's devastating march through the South opened the way to the kind of warfare that culminated in World War II. Its importance rested more in its impact on Sherman’s evolving policy toward Southern civilians and the Union strategy to win the war than on immediate military ramifications in Mississippi. Sherman's hard war must have worked. He engages notable Civil War historians . The results were his March to the sea which ultimately broke the confederates. Liddell Hart credited Sherman with mastery of maneuver warfare (also known as the "indirect approach"), as demonstrated by his series of turning movements against Johnston during the Atlanta Campaign. Many Southerners reviled his “scorched earth” tactics, while others saw them as necessary to the end of the war. There should be two main sections, one for each bullet below. William T. Sherman, a major-general for the United States Army during the Civil War, wrote the letter to General Henry Halleck, who was in Washington D.C. at the time. The March to the Sea: Sherman’s Total War Strategy to Save the Union Depending on geography, William T Sherman has gone down in the annuals of history as either one of the most hated or most respected generals of the Civil War. Accusations that civilians were targeted and war crimes were committed on the march have made Sherman a controversial figure to this day, particularly in the South. Sherman’s army burned much of Columbia, the capital of South Carolina. Mark Grimsley described Sherman’s Savannah campaign in The Hard Hand of War. (20%) write paper in a scholarly manner General Sherman's record as a tactician was mixed, and his military legacy rests primarily on his command of logistics and on his brilliance as a strategist. His father died while William was still a boy and after his father’s death, he was raised by a family friend, attorney Thomas Ewing. Sherman himself downplayed his role in conducting total war, often saying that he was simply carrying out orders as best he could in order to fulfill his part of Grant's master plan for ending the war. [3] The speed and efficiency of the destruction by Sherman's army was remarkable. Write a 1000-1500-word essay addressing each of the following points. The author's main theme is the development by Sherman of his "hard war" strategy and the destruction of the enemy's capacity to make war by destroying his economic base and his support among the population. The severity of the destructive acts by Union troops was significantly greater in South Carolina than in Georgia or North Carolina. Dec. 11, 1872 deposition, Mixed Commission, XIV, 91, quoted in Marion B. Lucas, William T. Sherman - Index / Quick Reference, William T. Sherman - Autobiography, Memoirs, and Correspondence, https://CivilWarWiki.net/w/index.php?title=William_T._Sherman_-_Strategies&oldid=2744. The letter came towards the tail end of Sherman’s campaign in Georgia and his capture of Savannah, a “Christmas gift” for President Lincoln. Sherman's strategy of total war brought the war home to many in the Deep South. 190–204; McPherson, pp. When the city council appealed to him to rescind that order, on the grounds that it would cause great hardship to women, children, the elderly, and others who bore no responsibility for the conduct of the war, Sherman sent a response in which he sought to articulate his conviction that a lasting peace would be possible only if the Union were restored, and that he was therefore prepared to do all he could do to quash the rebellion: Literary critic Edmund Wilson found in Sherman's Memoirs a fascinating and disturbing account of an "appetite for warfare" that "grows as it feeds on the South". 712–714, 727–729. Avoid excessive use of quotations. Sherman's advance through Georgia and South Carolina was characterized by widespread destruction of civilian supplies and infrastructure. summarises the points and evidence you provided to support your thesis. See, for instance, Grimsley, pp. This means two pages of content, which requires clear and focused writing. We offer the services below for free on all orders; E-mail us: support@masterlynursingpapers.com. This masterly campaign comprised a series of cat-and-mouse moves by the rival commanders. As Sheridan left Virginia's Shenandoah Valley ablaze, Union general William T. Sherman implemented hard-war policies in the Deep South with his "March to the Sea." Sherman’s army burned much of Columbia, the capital of South Carolina. Sherman graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1840. Atlanta was devastated. Sherman's concept of total war was a continuation of the tradition of the "nation at arms" established by the French Revolution. It futher discusses the change in strategy these men employed and point out a battle or campaign in which each man used their new strategy and how or if these strategies were successful. This page has been accessed 17,354 times. 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