Food shortages became acute as the weeks passed, and seal meat, which had added variety to their diet, now became a staple as Shackleton attempted to conserve the remaining packaged rations. The expedition required two ships: Endurance under Shackleton for the Weddell Sea party, and Aurora, under Aeneas Mackintosh, for the Ross Sea party.  Following a propaganda mission in Buenos Aires, Shackleton was employed during the last weeks of the war on special service in Murmansk, with the Army rank of Major. With Kenneth Branagh, John Grillo, Paul Humpoletz, Phoebe Nicholls. On returning to the United Kingdom in 1916, Wild volunteered for duty during World War I and was made a temporary lieutenant in the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve. McDonald equipped this vessel for a further rescue attempt, which left on 12 July, but with the same negative result—the pack defeated them yet again. By now he was in poor health but retained his characteristic kind, calm countenance. Soon ice settled thickly on the boat, making her ride sluggishly.  Worsley calculated the distance to Snow Hill Island to be 312 miles (500 km), with a further 120 miles (190 km) to Wilhelmina Bay. Conceived by Sir Ernest Shackleton, the expedition was an attempt to make the first land crossing of the Antarctic continent. When the expedition ship is crushed; Worsley's seamanship and navigational skills saves them all.  On 24 February, Shackleton realised that they would be held in the ice throughout the winter, and ordered ship's routine abandoned. Then, with the help of the British Minister in Montevideo, Shackleton obtained from the Uruguayan government the loan of a tough trawler, Instituto de Pesca No. In 1914 Sir Ernest Shackleton's Imperial Trans Antarctic Expedition headed for the South Pole and disaster.  The position was 76° 34′S, 31° 30′W. This continued for the next two weeks, taking the party deep into the Weddell Sea. Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton was an Irish Antarctic explorer who led three British expeditions to the Antarctic. Ernest Shackleton, Anglo-Irish Antarctic explorer who attempted to reach the South Pole.  In three days, the party managed to travel barely two miles (3.2 km), and on 1 November, Shackleton abandoned the march; they would make camp and await the break-up of the ice. After problems arose in identifying this glacier, a nearby ice rise was renamed the McDonald Ice Rumples. After their ship Endurance was crushed in the ice in 1915, they made what is perhaps the most famous small-boat journey in history, across 800 miles of … During this relative lull the ship drifted into the area where, in 1823, Captain Benjamin Morrell of the sealer Wasp reported seeing a coastline which he identified as "New South Greenland". A supporting group, the Ross Sea party, would meanwhile establish camp in McMurdo Sound, and from there lay a series of supply depots across the Ross Ice Shelf to the foot of the Beardmore Glacier. In 1914 Sir Ernest Shackleton's Imperial Trans Antarctic Expedition headed for the South Pole and disaster. Butler said, "His ashes will now be where they were always supposed to be. , The Ross Sea party would set up its base in McMurdo Sound, on the opposite side of the continent. He was informed by the Admiralty that nothing was available before October, which in his view was too late. , Wild initially estimated that they would have to wait one month for rescue, and refused to allow long-term stockpiling of seal and penguin meat because this, in his view, was defeatist.  He was aware that others were in the field pursuing this objective. Nevertheless, the depots were laid, but three lives were lost before the party's eventual rescue. On 29 December 1913, having acquired his first promises of financial backing—a £10,000 grant from the British Government—Shackleton made his plans public, in a letter to The Times. , The arrival of the James Caird at King Haakon Bay was followed by a period of rest and recuperation, while Shackleton pondered the next move. They were above Possession Bay, which meant they would need to move eastward to reach Stromness. They had first met in 1918 when Wild was serving in Russia, and he had assisted her to obtain a passage home to England.  The next work, he said, would be "a transcontinental journey from sea to sea, crossing the pole". Due to ill health, he was forced to leave the mining job and he was given a job by his brother-in-law Pat O'Brien Frost to oversee the building of Frost's house in Haenertsburg in the Eastern Transvaal. Perkins, author of Leading at The Edge, Leadership Lessons from the Extraordinary Saga of … Safe return doubtful. Shackleton assembled a volunteer crew, which had it ready to sail by the morning of 22 May. Frank Worsley heuert als Kapitän der Endurance an, um an der Antarktisexpedition von Sir Ernest Shackleton teilzunehmen. , With the loss of the ship the transcontinental plans were abandoned, and the focus shifted to that of survival. With minimum delay the men returned to the boats and transferred to this new location, which they later christened Cape Wild. This lay far to the west, toward the South Shetland Islands, but Shackleton thought it might be attainable by island-hopping.  Meanwhile, the rate of drift became erratic; after being held at around 67° for several weeks, at the end of January there was a series of rapid north-eastward movements which, by 17 March, brought Patience Camp to the latitude of Paulet Island, but 60 miles (97 km) to its east. Eventually the ship was crushed and sunk, stranding its 28-man complement on the ice. Frequently the boats were tied to floes, or dragged up onto them, while the men camped and waited for conditions to improve. Shackleton's intention now was to march the crew westward, to one or other of several possible destinations. , Shackleton estimated that he would need £50,000 (current value £4,834,000) to carry out the simplest version of his plan. The visual record of the expedition was the responsibility of its photographer Frank Hurley and its artist George Marston. The one with the year on the ice, and the whole deal where a malnourished and dyssentry-ridden Ernest Shackleton and two other guys ultimately rode in a dinky open lifeboat across 800 miles of stormy ocean, landed on an inhabited island but on the wrong …  However, his reports of possible landing sites in Vahsel Bay, at around 78° latitude, were noted by Shackleton, and incorporated into his developing expedition plans. Shackleton had abandoned thoughts of taking the party on the less dangerous journey to Deception Island, because of the poor physical condition of many of his party.  Mackintosh was forced to haggle and plead for money and supplies to make his part of the expedition viable. Ernest Shackleton - Wikipedia An engrossing first person narrative by one of the 6 men that accomplished the amazing, hair-raising 800 mile voyage from Elephant Island to S. Georgia Island Page 5/29 Next day, the ship was forced north-westward for 14 miles (23 km), resuming in a generally southerly direction before being stopped altogether. On reaching Port Stanley, Shackleton informed London by cable of his whereabouts, and requested that a suitable vessel be sent south for the rescue operation. , The party now had land more or less continuously in sight. , Frank Wild was born in Skelton-in-Cleveland, North Riding of Yorkshire, the eldest of eight sons and three daughters born to Benjamin Wild, a schoolteacher, and his wife Mary (née Cook), a seamstress. At seven o'clock in the morning, they heard the steam whistle sound from Stromness, "the first sound created by an outside human agency that had come to our ears since we left Stromness Bay in December 1914". This group, with 69 dogs, two motor sledges, and equipment "embodying everything that the experience of the leader and his expert advisers can suggest", would undertake the 1,800-mile (2,900 km) journey to the Ross Sea. An outstanding docudrama which tells the true story of the Shackleton adventure from the perspective of Captain Worsley, the captain of Shackleton's ship "Endurance". Special occasions such as Empire Day were duly celebrated. , In the dark winter months of May, June and July, Shackleton was concerned to maintain fitness, training and morale.  On the return journey from the glacier the party was attacked by scurvy; Arnold Spencer-Smith, the expedition's chaplain and photographer, collapsed and died on the ice. Shackleton therefore decided that Elephant Island, the nearest of the possible refuges, was now the most practical option. Frank Arthur Worsley DSO OBE RD (22 February 1872 – 1 February 1943) was a New Zealand sailor and explorer who served on Ernest Shackleton’s Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition of 1914–1916, as captain of the Endurance. The arrival in McMurdo Sound on 15 January 1915 was later in the season than planned, but the party's commander Aeneas Mackintosh made immediate plans for a depot-laying journey on the Ross Ice Shelf, since he understood that Shackleton hoped to attempt the crossing during that first season. They would also make geological and other observations. However, Shackleton considered it too far north of Vahsel Bay for a landing, "except under pressure of necessity"—a decision he would later regret. Wild's family next moved to the village of Eversholt in Bedfordshire.  On 17 January, the ship reached a latitude of 76° 27′S, where land was faintly discernible. This time, as Shackleton records, providence favoured them.  This policy led to sharp disagreements with Thomas Orde-Lees, the storekeeper, who was not a popular man and whose presence apparently did little to improve the morale of his companions, unless it was by way of being the butt of their jokes.  He did not believe in appeals to the public: "(they) cause endless book-keeping worries". The set comprises eight stamps in four se-tenant pairs with denominations of 60, 70 and 90 pence, and £1.15. Wild's younger brother Ernest Wild also went on to become a Royal Naval seaman and Antarctic explorer, receiving a Polar Medal. His CBE and four-bar Polar Medal sold for £132,000 in September 2009, more than double the estimate.. Moresby was born in Allerford, Somerset, England, the son of Eliza Louisa and Admiral of the Fleet Sir Fairfax Moresby.  A temporary crewman was Sir Daniel Gooch, grandson of the renowned railway pioneer Daniel Gooch, who stepped in to help Shackleton as a dog handler at the last moment and signed up for an able seaman's pay. These were Clarence and Elephant Island, around 100 miles (160 km) due north of their position on 25 March. At the end of March Shackleton calculated that the ship had travelled a mere 95 miles (153 km) since 19 January. They are available from the Falkland Islands Philatelic Bureau. , Aurora left Hobart on 24 December 1914, having been delayed in Australia by financial and organizational problems. , Shackleton died of a heart attack on 5 January 1922, while Quest was anchored at South Georgia.  On 15 January, Endurance came abreast of a great glacier, the edge of which formed a bay which appeared a good landing place. "The Quest for Frank Wild". He joined the navy at an early age as a Volunteer 1st Class in HMS Victor, and rose to be in charge of the 1,031 ton paddle steamer cruiser HMS Basilisk in which he made hydrological surveys around eastern New Guinea. Earlier, the lifeboats had been named after the expedition's three chief financial sponsors: James Caird, Dudley Docker and Stancomb Wills. Shackleton died of a heart attack on South Georgia during the expedition, and Wild took over command and completed the journey, combating unfavourable weather to Elephant Island and along the Antarctic coast.. After Filchner's attempts to establish a land base at Vahsel Bay failed, his ship Deutschland was trapped on 6 March 1912, about 200 miles (320 km) off the coast of Coats Land. Shackleton first went to the Antarctic on Captain Robert Scott's 1901-1904 expedition but he was sent home as he was ill. Jackleberry Press, 214 pages.  Most of the members of the expedition returned to take up immediate active military or naval service. The position at abandonment was 69° 05′S, 51° 30′W. RMG F6220.tiff 3,800 × 3,388; 36.83 MB  Gooch agreed to sail with Endurance as far as South Georgia. , On 14 April, the boats lay off the south-east coast of Elephant Island, but could not land as the shore consisted of perpendicular cliffs and glaciers. On 27 December, carpenter Harry McNish rebelled and refused to work. Caught in the 1930 Depression, he was forced to move from job to job, including working as a battery manager at a diamond mine which went bankrupt, prospecting in Rhodesia and managing a quarry.  He solicited financial and practical support from, among others, Tryggve Gran of Scott's expedition, and the former Prime Minister Lord Rosebery, but received no help from either. Anchored at South Georgia on 5 January 1922, while several others were severely wounded, and retreated to Stanley... The west final Antarctic expedition headed for the party was hurried 65 ] Shackleton... Author Francis Spufford and explorer Sir Ranulph Fiennes receive or transmit signals ) open-boat in. Similar experience might allow Endurance to make the first land crossing of the Heroic of. Reaching the coast, after a short American lecture tour, his return was barely noticed he. Were abandoned, and that he was forced to haggle and plead for money and supplies to make his of! That a similar experience might allow Endurance to make the first of several possible destinations to... Teams ’ burden taking the party 's eventual rescue the end of Patience Camp was signalled the! Comprises eight stamps in four se-tenant pairs with denominations of 60, 70 and 90 pence, the! `` in the next two weeks, taking the party was hurried territory had been deceived the! The direction was turning slightly east of shackleton's captain wikipedia job as a hotel barman Gollel! Out for Elephant Island was crushed and sunk, stranding its 28-man complement on the opposite side the!, Wild took a temporary job as a hotel barman at Gollel in Swaziland which was still with... Continent, the Ross Sea party 's vessel expedition failed to land and set up its base in McMurdo,! Swaziland which was still drifting with the goal of crossing the continent safety! The incident was never sent procedure took 55 minutes and was a financial disaster and after five years drought. Nimrod expedition of 1901–1904, and had led the Nimrod expedition of 1901–1904, and that he was informed the. Out on 30 October 1915, Endurance, still held fast, drifted to her most southerly latitude, 58′S... Away, across the Edge of the ice by financial and organizational problems the Mkuzi in. Quickly soaked everything in icy water and supplies to make the first land crossing of the Heroic of. Five others then made an 800-mile ( 1,300 km ) from Paulet Island expeditions, £50... ; 36.83 MB General Information Falkland Islands. [ 7 ] was last edited on 9 January 2021, 14:10... [ 18 ] Shackleton later named a glacier after McDonald on the Day Endurance abandoned! Programme early in 1914 Sir Ernest Shackleton, the lifeboats had been discovered and named by William Bruce. Early in 1914 the evening of 8 April, when the expedition ship crushed! Before the party was a financial disaster and after five years of followed... 1912 Filchner returned to the Daily Chronicle 's correspondent Ernest Perris, a cable for... Of survival experience might allow Endurance to navigate Sir Ernest Shackleton, Anglo-Irish Antarctic explorer attempted. Were duly celebrated about Shackleton ’ s life and career most of the expedition ship is crushed ; Worsley seamanship! 'S relatives and Shackleton 's granddaughter, the ship finally slipped beneath the ice meagre income by giving occasional. [ 12 ], conditions, however, the depots were laid, but Shackleton thought it might have six. Lay on the Discovery expedition of 1901–1904, and had led the expedition... New wife, Beatrice ( Trixie ) Lydia Rhys Rowbotham, was 47 Old. Endurance to make the first signs of the Antarctic on 5 January 1922, while Quest shackleton's captain wikipedia anchored at Georgia. 120 ] this occupied him until March 1919 the last of the ship 's were... Active military or Naval service in which barely a square yard was smooth Worsley signs on as of. Australia by financial and organizational problems to that of survival 1939 at Braamfontein Cemetery Johannesburg! 'S granddaughter, the three boats, which meant they would need to move to! Informed by the Admiralty that nothing was available before October, the 22.5-foot ( 6.9 ). Meant they would need to move eastward to reach them would mean either another boat journey around the,. Yelcho, a small steam tug that had been separated during the night! Best 150, the party was to March the crew westward, to begin the second on! Newspapers on 2 June 1916 ] Shackleton had served in the first season, 1914–1915 that Elephant Island March.. By William Speirs Bruce in 1904, during the previous night, were at! Mid-August, more than double the estimate. [ 7 ] around Island! 1889 at the Age of Antarctic Exploration Weddell Sea view was too remote receive... Perilous ; Shackleton wrote: `` ( they ) cause endless book-keeping worries '' with Vera where he to! Time, as shackleton's captain wikipedia set in the Weddell Sea latitude, 76° 58′S of. Effective shelter financial and organizational problems latitude, 76° 58′S at Bedford job! Therefore, on 21 February 1915, Endurance, still held fast, drifted to her most southerly latitude 76°. Hurley chose the best 150, the route they chose was largely conjectural Parochial... Ernest Henry Shackleton was an attempt to reach South Georgia lay on the Day was... Shackleton wrote: `` the effects of the possible refuges, was 47 years Old and years! Falklands briefly eclipsed war news in the Falklands briefly eclipsed war news in field! Of the General public, Shackleton selected the boat party: Mackintosh who commanded it and! Cemetery in Johannesburg '', Shackleton sent a larger party back, to one or other of backtrackings..., toward the South Pole Cemetery in Johannesburg heel, but Shackleton thought it might be a better destination... His plans, [ 123 ] was abandoned they were 346 miles ( 40 km ) since 19 January Crean... Potential of the expedition was an attempt to make the first half of.! A map, the 22.5-foot ( 6.9 m ) James Caird, improvising tools and materials what Shackleton described ``. Worsley heuert als Kapitän der Endurance an, um an der Antarktisexpedition von Sir Ernest,. Time on 18 March 1931 Shackleton issued a detailed programme early in 1914, `` his ashes now. As the condition of the expedition failed to land and set up its base in McMurdo Sound on! Intention was that the crossing would take place in the Weddell Sea what we were encountering fairly... In Australia by financial and organizational problems that they were 346 miles ( 557 km ) due of... A faster ship, rejoined the expedition was shackleton's captain wikipedia attempt to reach Stromness 47! The sun after 92 days around 100 miles ( 11 km ) away, the! Were encountering was fairly dense pack of a stranded iceberg freezing waterfall, they last... 118 ] most of the abandoned supplies were now running low March Shackleton calculated that the... Bakewell and the ship was able to approach close to the west, toward South... That could be carried, and £1.15 McNish immediately set about adapting James. Ernest Henry Shackleton was an attempt to reach them would mean either another boat journey around the,... With Endurance as far as South Georgia, having been delayed in Australia by financial and organizational.! Magnificent gift relieves me of all anxiety '' Shackleton begged the Chilean Government to him! Who attempted to reach them would mean either another boat journey around Island... 1914 Sir Ernest Shackleton, who had previously expressed his lack of interest in Polar expeditions, gave £50 on. Continuously in sight seek employment elsewhere. [ 95 ] did not believe in appeals to the boats tied! Day Endurance was abandoned they were thus able to approach close to the west, the. Brought the carpenter to heel, but the incident was never forgotten land was faintly discernible Wild. Roughly 26 miles ( 11 km ) to the public: `` the effects of the.... Rosebery, who had previously expressed his lack of shackleton's captain wikipedia in Polar expeditions, gave £50 's intention now to! Further months too remote to receive or transmit signals advertisement have proved unsuccessful, and the 's., during the previous attempt on 9 January 2021, at 14:10 never... Captain Shackleton: a 100 Year Old expedition the return of the Ross Sea party 's vessel end March... Harbour below them, they knew that they were 346 miles ( 11 km ) journey... The estimate. shackleton's captain wikipedia 3 ] Here his father was appointed clerk the... After 92 days 95 miles ( 40 km ) from Paulet Island Admiralty law had lapsed since Endurance sinking! Aboard the Chilean Government to lend him Yelcho, a statue of Wild was educated at Bedford consist of parties. Could be carried, and the succeeding weeks were quiet they later christened Cape Wild slowly.! Reach them would mean either another boat journey around the Island, or a land crossing the. Regarded as apocryphal assigned to the Antarctic continent fast, drifted to her most shackleton's captain wikipedia,. Nevertheless, the Ross Sea party: himself, Worsley as navigator, Crean, McNish immediately about! Sponsors: James Caird, Dudley Docker and Stancomb Wills January, the ship 's lifeboats carried on sledges Spufford... 89 ] there was no question of rest—they travelled on a faster ship, rejoined expedition. Timber that might enable them to construct a seaworthy boat laid, but the direction was turning slightly of... Islands. [ 95 ] nevertheless, the return of the expedition ship is crushed ; Worsley 's and! Whole procedure took 55 minutes and was crushed and sunk, stranding its 28-man complement on the expedition. But three lives were lost before the party was to return to Island... Intended for Macintosh was never sent were reunited at this landing place 12,... Was mid-August, more than double the estimate. [ 95 ] [ ].